Unlike the time-based teaching and learning approach, which emphasizes on completion of a course(s) or class(es) or topic(s) within the allotted time period, the competency-based education focuses more on the personalized learning by enabling the students to learn at their own pace, time, and understanding. Popular in the medicine and nursing educational fields, the proficiency-based education approach guides students in achieving outstanding learner outcomes by facilitating them with more than sufficient time to master skills (referred as competency) and essential subject knowledge. Just like any other educational method, the approach comes with certain inevitable pros and con.
One of the main objectives of the competency-based education method is to fully empower a learner to completely master a skill/ subject/ knowledge, which doesn't necessarily happen in the traditional teaching and learning approach. Since, the conventional method primary focuses on imparting education by allotting time to the topics, which need to be taught in the classroom; a student's tendency to fully understand the lesson fails to reach up to the expectations, which subsequently leaves them with half-knowledge. Moreover, the approach encourages the instructors at elementary, primary, secondary, and higher levels to formulate excellent lesson plans and curriculums to improve teaching techniques.
Implementing competency-based education in learning and teaching leads to tremendous benefits and advantages.
The disadvantages of implementing competency-based education are: